Below, you'll find the link to the Berlin Affective Word List - Reloaded (BAWL-R),

a German database containing normative ratings for emotional valence, emotional arousal and

imageabilityfor more than 2,900 German words.





You'll need a password to open these files, so please contact us:

- Melissa Võ (

- Marcus Conrad (

- Lars Kuchinke (



Võ, M. L.-H., Conrad, M., Kuchinke, L., Hartfeld, K., Hofmann, M. F., & Jacobs, A. M. (2009). The Berlin Affective Word List Reloaded (BAWL-R). Behavior Research Methods, 41(2), 534-538. <pdf>
Vo, M.-L., Jacobs, A.M., & Conrad, M. (2006). Crossvalidating the Berlin affective word list (BAWL). Behavior Research Methods, 38 (4), 606-609.  <pdf>