Mental illnesses are widespread diseases. In the general population, around 30% suffer from a mental disorder. People with mental disorders have impairments regarding their life management, especially in life domains with little tolerance towards abnormalities. That applies for the workplace, for example.
On the one hand, work is an important resource in one’s life that does not only mean income for many people, but also social inclusion, acknowledgement, and a sense of identity. On the other hand, there are several factors at work, that force anxiety – in healthy people and especially in people with mental illnesses. These risk factors are, for example, rivalries and ranking fights with colleagues, sanctioning and observing superiors, employer rankings, computer monitoring of employers, risk of accidents, and uncertainties that may arise from operational innovations or job insecurity.
Studies since 2004 have shown that around 30-60% of the patients in a medical rehabilitation suffer from work anxiety. Within mentally healthy employers, around 5% report to have gone on sick leave because of unbearable issues at work. A randomized controlled therapy study suggested different treatment approaches. Especially those including the concrete coping oriented confrontation with the current personal situation at work resulted in expedient effects. With the help of future research, we want to investigate, if and how ambulant treatments take work related ability and activity impairments into consideration. Further Literature
Linden, M., Baron, S., Muschalla, B., & Ostholt-Corsten, M. (2015). Fähigkeitsbeeinträchtigungen bei psychischen Erkrankungen. Diagnostik, Therapie und sozialmedizinische Beurteilung in Anlehnung an das Mini-ICF-APP. Göttingen: Hogrefe.
Muschalla, B. (2014). Arbeitsbezogene Ängste in Forschung und Praxis – Ein aktuelles Schnittstellenphänomen. Zeitschrift für Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie, 58, 206-214.
Muschalla, B., & Linden, M. (2013). Arbeitsplatzbezogene Ängste und Arbeitsplatzphobie. Phänomenologie, Differentialdiagnostik, Therapie, Sozialmedizin. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer-Verlag.