Biological Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience
Room JK 25/218
|2015 - 2020||Dr. rer. nat. Psychology (thesis submitted Oct 2020)
Freie Universität Berlin
International Max Planck Research School LIFE
Max Planck School of Cognition
Max Planck Institute for Human Development Berlin
|2012 - 2015||M.Sc. Psychology, Humboldt University Berlin|
|2008 - 2011||B.Sc. Psychology, Radboud University Nijmegen|
I develop and apply computational models of learning and decision making. The main focus of my research is on experience-driven learning in uncertain environments that require sophisticated information processing. To study the neural and cognitive processes underlying these learning abilites in humans, I apply behavioral and neuroimaging experiments.
Many environments do not immediately provide information that is necessary for succesful learning and decision making (e.g., where should I invest my money?). Instead, we often need to combine information across many experiences to uncover the regularities in the environment. In my current main research projects, I examine (1) human learning under perceptual uncertainty and (2) lifespan differences in adaptive learning.
Learning under perceptual uncertainty: Together with my supervisors Hauke Heekeren and Dirk Ostwald, I investigate the computational principles of reward-based learning under perceptual uncertainty. For example, when learning which varieties of berries are edible, learning is difficult under perceptual uncertainty about the type of berry (i.e., berries that look very similar). In this project, we have developed and tested formal models that algorithmically describe how humans may take perceptual uncertainty into consideration. In ongoing neuroimaging work, we study the neural mechanisms that enable the brain to adjust learning to perceptual uncertainty.
Lifespan differences in adaptive learning: In a collaboration with Matt Nassar (Brown University, Providence) and Ben Eppinger (Concordia University, Montreal) I try to better understand the factors that explain age-related learning differences in dynamically changing environments. During learning in these environments, humans have to flexibly regulate how they combine newly arriving information with information from past experiences. This requires a consideration of the possible events that took place (e.g., is the cause of my subpar meal a new chef, or a kitchen accident unlikely to be repeated) and how much has already been learned about an environment (have I previously been in the restaurant or is it the first visit?). In a recent study including how younger (20-30 years) and older adults (60 - 80 years), we found evidence for a reduced consideration of uncertainty in older adults, which suggests that they tend to consider fewer past experiences during learning. In a follow-up project we are currently investigating lifespan differences in these learning abilites.
Bruckner, R., Heekeren, H. R., and Ostwald, D. (2020). Belief states and categorical-choice biases determine reward-based learning under perceptual uncertainty. bioRxiv. View PDF
Bruckner, R., Nassar, M. R., Li, S.-C., and Eppinger, B. (2020). Default beliefs guide learning under uncertainty in children and older adults. PsyArXiv. View PDF
Frömer, R., Nassar, M. R., Bruckner, R., Stürmer, B., Sommer, W., and Yeung, N. (2020). I knew that! Response-based outcome predictions and confidence regulate feedback processing and learning. BioRxiv. View PDF
Nassar, M. R., Bruckner, R., and Frank, M., J. (2019). Statistical context dictates therelationship between feedback-related EEG signals and learning. eLife. View PDF
Ostwald, D., Schneider, S., Bruckner, R., and Horvarth, L. (2019). Power, positive predictive value, and sample size calculations for random field theory-based fMRI inference. BioRxiv. View PDF
Ostwald, D., Schneider, S., Bruckner, R., and Horvarth, L. (2019). Random field theory-based p-values: a review of the SPM implementation. arXiv. View PDF
van den Bos, W., Bruckner, R., Nassar, M. R., Mata, R., and Eppinger, B. (2018). Computational neuroscience across the lifespan: Promises and pitfalls. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 33:42–53. View PDF
Nassar, M. R., Bruckner, R., and Eppinger, B. (2016). What do we GANE with age? [Invited peer commentary]. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 39:e218. Link
Nassar, M. R., Bruckner, R., Gold, J. I., Li, S.-C., Heekeren, H. R., and Eppinger, B. (2016). Age differences in learning emerge from an insufficient representation of uncertainty in older adults. Nature Communications, 7:11609. View PDF
Eppinger, B. and Bruckner, R. (2015).Towards a mechanistic understanding of age-related changes in learning and decision making: A neuro-computational approach. NewYork: Academic Press. View PDF