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Dr. Niklas Schulte


Division Psychological Assessment, Differential and Personality Psychology

Research Associate

Habelschwerdter Allee 45
Room JK 25/121 g
14195 Berlin

Office hours

Please make an appointment via email.


since 2022 Research Associate, Psychological Diagnostics, Differential, and Personality Psychology, Prof. Dr. Stefan Krumm, Freie Universität Berlin
2019-2021 Research Associate, Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Prof. Dr. Klaus Melchers, University of Ulm, Germany
2020-2021 Co-founder and managing partner of a consultancy for personnel selection processes
2017-2021 PhD (Dr. rer. nat.) with Prof. Dr. Dr. Heinz Holling, supported by scholarships of the Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes and Cusanuswerk, topic: Statistical Properties of Forced-Choice Questionnaires in Applicant Personality Measurement
2016-2019 Research Assistant, Statistics and Methods in Psychology, Prof. Dr. Dr. Heinz Holling, University of Münster, Germany
2012-2017 Studied psychology and business administration at the University of Münster and Columbia University (New York City, USA) supported by a scholarship from Cusanuswerk; Degrees: B.Sc. and M.Sc. Psychology


  • Lecture: Test Theory (SS 22)
  • Lecture: Psychological Assessment (SS 22)
  • Student Research Group: The Millionaire's Mindset: How Beliefs Determine Income, Health, and Life Satisfaction. (SS 23)
  • Seminar: Psychological Expert Reports (SS 22, SS 23)
  • Seminar: Diagnostic Procedures: Interviews and Observation of Behavior (WS 21/22, WS 22/23, WS 23/24)
  • Seminar: Stress in the Workplace (WS 20/21, WS 20/21*)
  • Seminar: Case Studies in Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SS 21, WS21/22)
  • Seminar: Human Resource Development (SS 20, SS 21)
  • Repetitorium: Statistical Methods in Psychological Research (WS 17/18, WS 18/19)
  • Workshop: Introduction to Meta-Analyses (WS 17/18)

*awarded with the prize for outstanding teaching of the Institute of Psychology and Education (University of Ulm)

Research Focus:

  • Forced-choice response formats
  • Faking in questionnaires
  • Personality and performance measurement in personnel selection
  • Diversity and job performance/performance appraisal

Preprints in review:

Schulte, N., Basch, J., Hay, H., & Melchers, K. G. (in review). Do ethnic, migration-based, and regional language varieties put applicants at a disadvantage? A meta-analysis of biases in personnel selection. PsyArXiv preprint. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/5h3t2

Dames, H., Ragni, M., & Schulte, N. (in review). On the importance of providing a ‘don’t know’ response option in syllogistic reasoning tasks. PsyArXiv preprint. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/8k3wb

Lingel, H., Bürkner, P., Melchers, K. G., & Schulte, N. (in review). Measuring personality when stakes are high: Are graded paired comparisons a more reliable alternative to traditional forced-choice methods?. PsyArXiv preprint. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/8rt3j

Schulte, N., Kaup, L., Bürkner, P.-C., & Holling, H. (in review). The fakeability of personality measurement with graded paired comparisons. PsyArXiv preprint. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/bs7he

Publicatons (peer-reviewed)

Schillings, C., Karanassios, G., Schulte, N., Schultchen, C., & Pollatos, O. (2022). The effects of a three-week heartbeat perception training on interoceptive abilities. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 16, Article 838055. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2022.838055

Neuber, L., Englitz, C., Schulte, N., Fortmann, B., & Holling, H. (2022). On the relations of work engagement with performance and absenteeism: A meta-analysis. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 31(2), 292-315. https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2021.1953989

Schulte, N., Holling, H., & Bürkner, P.-C. (2021). Can high-dimensional questionnaires resolve the ipsativity issue of forced-choice response formats? Educational and Psychological Measurement, 81(2), 262-289. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013164420934861

Schulte, N., Götz, F. M., Partsch, F., Goldmann, T., Smidt, L., & Meyer, B. (2020). Linking diversity and mental health: Task conflict mediates between perceived subgroups and emotional exhaustion. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, Article 1245. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01245

Schulte, N., Bürkner, P. C., & Holling, H. (2020). Can high numbers of traits solve the ipsativity issue of forced-choice questionnaires? Academy of Management Proceedings, USA, 2020(1). https://doi.org/10.5465/AMBPP.2020.19563abstract

Bürkner, P. C., Schulte, N., & Holling, H. (2019). On the statistical and practical limitations of Thurstonian IRT models. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 79(5), 827-854. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013164419832063

Schulte, N., Babiel, S., Messinger, M. & Thielsch, M. T. (2019). Feedback-Instrument zur Rettungskräfte-Entwicklung (FIRE). Zusammenstellung sozialwissenschaftlicher Items und Skalen. https://doi.org/10.6102/zis268

Schulte, N. & Thielsch, M. T. (2019). Evaluation of firefighter leadership trainings. International Journal of Emergency Services, 8, 34-49. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJES-03-2018-0020:

Conference Contributions:

Schulte, N., Kaup, L., Bürkner, P.-C., & Holling, H. (2021, September 22-24). Die Verfälschbarkeit von graduierten Paarvergleichen in der Persönlichkeitsmessung. In Wilhelmy, A. & Schulte, N. (Chairs), Wir wollen die Wahrheit: Determinanten, Kennzeichen und Gegenmaßnahmen von Impression Management und Faking in der Personalauswahl [Symposium]. DGPS Fachgruppentagung AOW-Psychologie und Ingenieurspsychologie 2021, Chemnitz, Germany.

Schulte, N., Kaup, L., Bürkner, P.-C., & Holling, H. (2021, September 12-15). How Applicants Fake Graded Paired Comparisons [Paper presentation]. Biennial Conference of the German Psychological Society - Personality Psychology and Psychological Diagnostics (DPPD) Section, Ulm, Germany.

Schulte, N., Kaup, L., Bürkner, P.-C., & Holling, H. (2021, August 31–September 2). The faking resistance of graded paired comparisons [Conference Session]. 6th ENESER EAWOP Small Group Meeting, Zurich, Switzerland.

Schulte, N. (2021, April 29). Bewerbungsverfahren erfolgreich meistern [Invited talk]. Rostock University, Germany.

Schulte, N., Bürkner, P. C., & Holling, H. (2020, August 7-11). Can high numbers of traits solve the ipsativity issue of forced-choice questionnaires? [Paper presentation]. Academy of Management Annual Meeting, online. https://doi.org/10.5465/AMBPP.2020.19563abstract

Schulte, N. (2019, November 15). „Ich bin total begabt und super teamfähig!“: verfälschungssichere Personalauswahl und ihre statistischen Grenzen [Conference session]. Doktorandenforum der Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes, Cologne, Germany.

Schulte, N., Götz, F. M., Partsch, F., Goldmann, T., Smidt, L., & Meyer, B. (2018, September 15-20). Linking diversity and mental health: Task conflict mediates the association between perceived subgroups and emotional exhaustion [Symposium]. In J. Wegge & B. Meyer (Chairs), The influence of team diversity and team faultlines on team processes and well-being. 51. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie, Frankfurt, Germany. 

Schulte, N. (2018, July 6). Diversität und psychische Gesundheit [Conference session]. 10. Sächsisches Doktorandenkolloquium der Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie, Chemnitz, Germany.